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Slovakia World Heritage Sites

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Slovakia Tourism - Slovakia World Heritage Sites

Banská Štiavnica
A town in central Slovakia, in the middle of an immense caldera created by the collapse of an ancient volcano. For its size, the caldera is known as Štiavnica Mountains. Banská Štiavnica has a population of more than 10,000. It is a completely preserved medieval town. Because of their historical value, the town and its surroundings were proclaimed by the UNESCO to be a World Heritage Site on December 11, 1993.

Artificial water reservoirs in the Štiavnica Mountains, in central Slovakia. Most of them were built in order to provide energy for the silver mines of Banská Štiavnica in the 18th century. At their height, tajchy comprised a sophisticated system of 60 reservoirs, connected to each other by more than 100 km of channels and underground tunnels. 24 artificial lakes still exist and serve recreation purposes. Because of their historical value, tajchy were proclaimed by the UNESCO to be a World Heritage Site on December 11, 1993, together with the town of Banská Štiavnica and technical historical monuments in its surroundings.

A town in North-Eastern Slovakia. It is situated in the Šariš region and has about 33,000 inhabitants. The spa town, mentioned for the first time in 1241, exhibits numerous cultural monuments in its completely intact medieval town centre. The town is one of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites.

A picturesque city part of the town of Ružomberok, historically a separate village. It was established in the 14th century and after 1882 it became part of Ružomberok.

Vlkolínec is part of the UNESCO World Heritage since 1993, and one of ten Slovak villages that have a status of a village preserve. It is because of being an untouched and complex example of folk countryside architecture of this region of the Northern Carpathians. The village comprises two or three room log cabine type houses. A wooden belfry from the 18th century has also been preserved.

Spiš Castle and its Associated Cultural Monuments


  Spiš Castle
One of the largest castle sites in Central Europe. The castle is situated above the town of Spišské Podhradie and the village of Žehra, in the region known as Spiš. It was included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1993.


  Spišská Kapitula
An exceptionally well-preserved ecclesiastical town on the outskirts of Spišské Podhradie, Slovakia, and overlooking Spiš Castle. It is part of the UNESCO World Heritage site Spiš Castle and its Associated Cultural Monuments.


  The Church of Holy Spirit at Žehra
Dates from 1274 and contains wall paintings of the 13th and 14th centuries. It is listed as a World Heritage Site together with the nearby Spiš Castle and Spišská Kapitula.


  Spišské Podhradie
Situated at the foot of the hill of Spiš Castle. It had a Zipser German settlement, with its own church and priest, in 1174. Just above, and adjacent to, the town is the ecclesiastical settlement of Spišská Kapitula. The town contains a number of Renaissance merchants' houses. It also has one of the few remaining synagogue buildings in the region.

Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst:
Caves situated in the typical temperate-zone karstic system display an extremely rare combination of tropical and glacial climatic effects making it possible to study geological history over tens of millions of years. Variety of formations and the fact that they are concentrated in a restricted area means that the 712 caves currently identified make up an outstanding example of long-lasting natural processes.


  Dobšinská Ice Cave
An ice cave in Slovakia, near the mining town of Dobšiná in the Slovak Paradise. It is included in the UNESCO World Heritage list as a part of Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst site. It lies 130 m above the Hnilec River, and the entrance is at an altitude of 970 m. The cave was discovered in 1870 by a royal mining engineer Eugen Ruffinyi, though the entrance was known from time immemorial as Cold Hole. The cave was open to the public one year after its discovery. In 1887, it was the first electrically lit cave in Europe.


  Domica Cave
The biggest cave in the Slovak Karst in southern Slovakia, Rožňava District. It is a part of the cave complex that continues into the cave Baradla (Aggtelek) in Hungary. It was discovered in 1926 by Ján Majko. Since 1932, 1600 m out of the 5140 m are open to public. The cave is included in the UNESCO World Heritage list since 1995 as a part of Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst site.


  Gombasek Cave
A stalactite and stalagmite cave in the Slovak Karst, Slovakia. It is named after the settlement of Gombasek, which belongs to the village of Slavec. It is located in the Slovak Karst National Park, in the Slaná river valley, approximately 15 km south of Rožňava. The cave was discovered on 21 November 1951 by volunteer cavers. In 1955, 300 m out of 1,525 m were opened to the public. Currently, the route for visitors is 530 m long and takes about 30 minutes. The cave is also used for "speleotherapy" as a sanatorium, focused on airway diseases. Since 1995, the Gombasek Cave is included in the UNESCO World Heritage list as a part of Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst.


  Jasovská Cave
A stalactite cave in the Slovak Karst in Slovakia. It is located near the village of Jasov, around 25 km from Košice. The cave was partly opened for the public in 1846, making it the oldest publicly accessible cave in Slovakia. The lower parts of the cave were discovered in 1922 to 1924 and a concrete footpath was built and electrical lightning was installed in 1924. 852 metres out of 2148 m are open to the public. Many archaeological discoveries, especially from the Paleolithic, Neolith and Hallstatt periods, have been made in the cave. Along with other caves of the Slovak Karst, it is included in the UNESCO World Heritage list as a part of the Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst site.


  Ochtinská Aragonite Cave
A unique aragonite cave situated in southern Slovakia, near Rožňava. Although only 300 m long, it is famous for its rare aragonite filling. There are only three aragonite caves discovered in the world so far. In the so-called Milky Way Hall, the main attraction of the cave, white branches and clusters of aragonite shine like stars in the Milky Way. The cave was discovered in 1954 by chance and opened to the public in 1972. Along with other caves of the Slovak Karst, it is included in the UNESCO World Heritage list as a component of Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst site.

Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathian
An outstanding example of undisturbed, complex temperate forests, constitute a transnational serial property of ten separate components (6 in Ukraine and 4 in Slovakia) along a 185 km axis from the Rakhiv Mountains and the Chornohirskyi Range in Ukraine, west along the Polonynian Ridge, to the Bukovské vrchy and Vihorlat Mountains in Slovakia. They contain an invaluable genetic reservoir of beech and many species associated with, and dependent on, these forest habitats. They are also an outstanding example of the recolonization and development of terrestrial ecosystems and communities after the last Ice Age, a process which is still ongoing.

Poloniny National Park
A national park in north eastern Slovakia at the Polish and Ukrainian borders, in the Bukovské vrchy mountain range, which belongs to the Eastern Carpathians. It was created on 1 October 1997 with a protected area of 298.05 km² and a buffer zone of 109.73 km². Selected areas of the park are included into Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Vihorlat Mountains
A volcanic mountain range in eastern Slovakia and western Ukraine. A part of the range is listed as a World Heritage Site.

Wooden churches in central and eastern Slovakia (in Hervartov, Tvrdošín, Kežmarok, Leštiny, Hronsek, Bodružal, Ladomírová, Ruská Bystrá)

Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia

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